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Peer-to-Peer (P2P): P2P technology allows users to locate, share and distribute information between workstations without connecting to a central server. Although P2P has a lot of legitimate uses, it has become one of the more popular ways to share copyrighted materials, including software, over the Internet.

Piracy: The illegal use and/or distribution of property protected under intellectual property laws. Software piracy can take many forms. End-user piracy occurs when an individual or organization reproduces and/or uses unlicensed copies of software for its operations. Client-server overuse occurs when the number of users connected to or accessing one server exceeds the total number defined in the license agreement. Counterfeiting is the illegal duplication of downloaded software with the intent of directly imitating the copyrighted product. Hard-disk loading occurs when a computer hardware reseller loads unauthorized copies of software onto the machines it sells. Online software theft occurs when individuals download unauthorized copies of software from the Internet. License misuse occurs when software is distributed in channels outside those allowed by the license, or used in ways restricted by the license.

Product Activation: A process used by software publishers to help end-users respect the applicable license agreements, to ensure that the software they are using is genuine and to deter unauthorized copying. Today, many software users provide contact information as part of a voluntary software registration process; however, product activation may be required to fully enable the software.

Ransomware: Ransomware is a type of malicious computer software that threatens the user to take some destructive or harmful actions

SAM: Software Asset Management (SAM) is the practice of managing the lifecycle of software assets within an organization.

SaaS: Software as a Service, SaaS is a software delivery method that provides access to software and its functions remotely as a Web-based service

Server: A computer or device on a network that manages network resources. For example, a file server is a computer and storage device dedicated to storing files. Any user on the network can store files on the server. A print server is a computer that manages one or more printers, and a network server is a computer that manages network traffic. A database server is a computer system that processes database queries.

Software: Computer instructions or data. A piece of software is also known as a program.

Software Audit: An assessment of software assets. Conducting regular audits can help ensure software compliance and minimize the risks of using unlicensed software.

System Software Products: Software program packages, other than application program packages that manage systems resources (e.g., operating systems, database management systems, etc.).

Upgrade: A new version of a software or hardware product designed to replace an older version of the same product. Typically, software companies sell upgrades at a discount. In most cases, you must prove you own an older version of the product to qualify for the upgrade price.

Upload: To move a file from your computer to another computer; the opposite of download.

Viruses: Viruses are malicious programs or codes that are inserted into computer systems without the user's permission and operate without the user's knowledge. Viruses are executable files that, if opened, replicate themselves in host files and spread uncontrollably to other host files. Depending on their severity, viruses can extensively damage software on a computer or the computer itself. Using pirated software increases the risk of introducing viruses to your computer and network.

WAN: Wide-area network. A computer network that spans a relatively large geographical area. Typically, a WAN consists of two or more local-area networks (LANs). Computers connected to a wide-area network are often connected through public networks, such as the telephone system. They can also be connected through leased lines or satellites.


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